EFEKTIVITAS PENGENDALIAN INTERNAL, AUDIT INTERNAL, KARAKTERISTIK INSTANSI DAN KASUS KORUPSI (STUDI EMPIRIS DI KEMENTERIAN/ LEMBAGA)

Nurhasanah Nurhasanah

Abstract


This study investigates the effect of internal control effectiveness, the role of internal audit, internal audit authority level, the size of the internal audit, the size and complexity of the institution against corruption in the ministries/agencies in Indonesia. Effectiveness of internal controls seen from the number of internal control findings in the audit report of BPK, while the role of internal audit in an agency's internal control conducted by proxy with the number of findings of noncompliance in the audit report of BPK. The characteristics of institution seen from size and complexity of ministries/ agencies. The dependent variable is the corruption in the ministries/ agencies seen from the number of cases of corruption in the ministries/agencies in 2012-2014. This study used secondary data with samples of 249 ministries and agencies in Indonesia. The results show that the effectiveness of internal control, internal audit authority level form the organizational structure of the internal audit echelon I effect in reducing corruption. Total budget (in Rupiah) has positive effect on corruption. While the number of findings of non-compliance in the audit report of BPK, the number of internal auditors and the number of work units in ministries/agencies does not affect corruption.

Abstrak

Penelitian ini meneliti pengaruh antara efektivitas pengendalian internal, peran audit internal, tingka kewenangan audit internal, ukuran audit internal, ukuran dan kompleksitas instansi terhadap korupsi di kementerian/lembaga di Indonesia. Efektivitas pengendalian internal dilihat dari jumlah temuan pengendalian internal yang ada di laporan hasil pemeriksaan BPK, sedangkan peran pengawas pengendalian internal dalam suatu instansi dilakukan oleh audit internal diproksikan dengan jumlah temuan ketidakpatuhan dalam peraturan perundang-undangan hasil pemeriksaan BPK. Karakteristik instansi dilihat dari ukuran dan kompleksitas kementerian/lembaga. Variabel dependen yaitu korupsi pada kementerian/lembaga dilihat dari jumlah kasus korupsi pada kementerian/lembaga pada tahun 2012-2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dengan sampel 249 kementerian dan lembaga di Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa efektivitas pengendalian internal, tingkat kewenangan audit internal berupa struktur organisasi audit internal setingkat eselon I berpengaruh dalam menurunkan kasus korupsi. Total anggaran (dalam Rupiah) berpengaruh positif terhadap kasus korupsi. Sedangkan jumlah temuan ketidakpatuhan dalam peraturan perundang-undangan hasil pemeriksaan BPK, jumlah auditor internal dan jumlah satuan kerja pada kementerian/lembaga tidak mempengaruhi korupsi.


Keywords


korupsi; pengendalian internal; peran audit internal; ukuran kementerian/lembaga; kompleksitas kementerian; corruption; internal control; the complexity of the ministry

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28986/jtaken.v2i1.35

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