ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI TRANSFORMASI KAPABILITAS ORGANISASI DAN PERAN BADAN PEMERIKSA KEUANGAN RI

Agus Joko Pramono

Abstract


This study is aimed to study the influencing factors of the Audit Board of Republic Indonesia’s roles and capabilities transformation to meet the national development goals. This study use a qualitative approach with Analytic Network Process (ANP) method, to map out the interrelated factors of nodes within 3 clusters, which are the external, internal, and supporting factors. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was conducted to design a Framework Analysis. The participants of the FGD were BPK RI officials and its stakeholders including relevant external experts. The FGD has made a quantification framework as an ideal approach to use for data processing on software superdecisions. This process has brought about the priorities as follows: external stakeholder engagement, leadership and governance system, communication and the management of information system. The research has found out that the most significant and urgent factor is the concern of, and support from, the external stakeholders for BPK RI. Therefore, BPK RI has to design a strategy and communication program that can effectively improve the external support and concern.

 Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap transformasi kapabilitas dan peran Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode Analytic Network Process (ANP) untuk mendapatkan hubungan antar node dalam 3 cluster (faktor eksternal, internal dan penunjang) yang bersifat network. Framework analysis disusun melalui FGD para pakar dari eksternal dan internal BPK RI. Kuantifikasi framework dihasilkan dari FGD para pakar internal BPK RI. Olah data pada software superdecisions menghasilkan prioritas-prioritas sebagai berikut: faktor eksternal prioritasnya Stakeholders Engagement; faktor internal prioritasnya Kepemimpinan dan Sistem Tata Kelola; faktor penunjang prioritasnya Komunikasi dan Sistem Informasi Manajemen.  Berdasarkan hasil kajian ini diketahui bahwa hal paling penting dan mendesak adalah adanya kepedulian dan dukungan dari stakeholders eksternal terhadap BPK RI sehingga perlu segera disusun strategi, perencanaan, dan program komunikasi yang mampu secara efektif meningkatkan kepedulian dan dukungan stakeholders eksternal terhadap BPK RI.


Keywords


Transformation; kapabilitas organisasi; peran organisasi; Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan; Analytic Network Process

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwi, H. (2007). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Rencana Strategis 2016-2020.

Baimyrzaeva, M., & Kose, H. O. (2014). The Role of Supreme Audit Institutions In Improving Citizen Participation in Governance. International Public Management Review, 15(2).

Cabarcos, M., Angeles L., Monteiro, S. G. Oliveira., & Rodriguez, P. V. (2015). Organizational Capabilities and Profitability: The Mediating Role of Business Strategy. Spain – Portugal. SAGE Journals. Open OctoberDecember 2015: 1-13.

Daszko, M. & Sheinberg, S. (2005). Survival is Optional: Only Leaders with New Knowledge can Lead the Transformation. Theory of Transformation FINAL to SHORT article April 2005.

Hitt, M. A., Ireland R. D, & Hoskisson, R. E. (1997). Manajemen Strategis: Menyongsong Era Persaingan Bebas dan Globalisasi (terjemahan Armand Hediyanto). Jakarta: PT. Penerbit Erlangga.

INTOSAI. (2007). Building Capacity in Supreme Audit Institutions: A Guide. UK National Audit Office. Edition 1 was published in November 2007.

Kasali, R. (2006). Change. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kotter, J. P. (1996). Leading Change. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kusumasari, B. (2014). Manajemen Bencana dan Kapabilitas Pemerintah Lokal. Yogyakarta: Gava Media.

Roghe, F., Toma, A., Kilmann, J., Dicke, R., & Strack, R. (2012). Organization of the Future – Designed to Win: Organizational Capabilities Matter. The Boston Consulting Group.

Rothwell, W. J., Stavros, J. M., & Sullivan, R. R. (2015). Practicing Organization Development: Leading Transformation and Change. Fourth Edition. New Jersey: John Wiley and Son Inc.

Saaty, T. L. (2001). Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback: The Analytic Network Process. Pittsburgh: PA: RWS Publications.

Sampurno. (2011). Manajemen Stratejik, Menciptakan Keunggulan Bersaing yang Berkelanjutan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Susanto, I. (2016). Strategy-Led Transformation: Kombinasi Pengetahuan Praktis dan Praktik Terbaik untuk Keberhasilan Transformasi. Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo.

Wheelen T. L., & David H. J. (2000). Strategic Management and Bussiness Policy, Fourth Edition. New York: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Zeid, A. (2014). Business Transformation: A Roadmap for Maximazing Organizational Insights. New Jersey: John Wiley and Son Inc.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28986/jtaken.v2i2.63

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Jurnal Tata Kelola dan Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara registered in:
 

Google Scholar      

 

Follow us on:

    

 

View My Stats


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Tata Kelola dan Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.